[:en]Today, September 17, the International Day of Microorganisms is celebrated, a day created to make society aware of the importance of these in our day to day.
In 1683 the Dutch Anton van Leeuwenhoek, known as the father of microbiology, published in a letter addressed to the Royal Society the first description of a single-celled microorganism. This was possible thanks to the multitude of microscopes that he made with his own hands, improving the lenses and getting increasingly sharper images, superior even for the time. Leeuwenhoek made one of the greatest discoveries that have marked history and that today help to understand the development of living beings and their functions.
Microorganisms are part of the plans for the future of agriculture. Environmental conservation and sustainability require your help in order to reduce the use of products that are harmful to the environment.
Did you know that if all the microorganisms that live under the earth's surface were removed, they would cover the planet with a layer about fifteen meters thick?
Microorganisms constitute the living part of the soil and are responsible for the transformation of nutrients and plant development. In a single gram of soil there are millions of beneficial microorganisms for crops.
In traditional agriculture, the soils end up 'running out', speaking from a nutritional point of view, if management techniques such as fallow, line alteration or crop rotation are not used. Currently, intensive agriculture is much more demanding with the characteristics of the soil and nutrients; and the degradation of the soil would be much greater if it were not thanks to the help provided by "Biofertilization", which consists of increasing the number of microorganisms present in agricultural soil; accelerating microbial processes and helping the plant or crop to access nutrients and assimilate them.
Did you know that in just one gram of soil there are millions of beneficial microorganisms for crops?
With biofertilization, a reduction in energy expenditure by the plant is achieved when it comes to absorbing nutrients, soil degradation and the amount of leachate are reduced.
Another use of microorganisms is as biological control agents, since they can attack soil pathogens that harm plants and crops, and in turn, help the correct balance of the soil. With this technique, it is possible to reduce or adjust the amount of phytosanitary products applied, preventing them from affecting the correct development of the crop.