Soil and water
Soil and water

Soil and Water: The Dance of Sustainable Agriculture | World Soil Day 2023

Soil and water

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World Soil Day (WSD) is celebrated annually on December 5th to draw attention to the importance of healthy soil and advocate for the sustainable management of soil resources.

Soil and Water: A Vital Alliance

Our planet’s survival depends on the precious connection between soil and water. Over 95 percent of our food originates from these two fundamental resources. Soil water, vital for nutrient absorption by plants, binds our ecosystems together. 

This symbiotic relationship forms the foundation of our agricultural systems. 

However, in the face of climate change and human activity, our soils are being degraded, putting excessive pressure on our water resources. Erosion disrupts the natural balance, reducing water infiltration and availability for all forms of life.

Sustainable Soil Management

Sustainable soil management practices, such as minimum tillage, crop rotation, organic matter addition, and cover cropping, improve soil health, reduce erosion and pollution, and enhance infiltration and water storage. These practices also preserve soil biodiversity, improve fertility, and contribute to carbon sequestration, playing a crucial role in the fight against climate change.

Hand soil

World Soil Day 2023 Key Messages

📌 Soil and water provide the foundation for food production, ecosystems, and human well-being. Recognizing their invaluable roles, we can take proactive measures to protect these resources for future generations.

📌 Soil and water are the medium in which plants grow and obtain essential nutrients.

📌 Irrigated agriculture systems account for 80% of croplands, contributing to 60% of global food production. These systems rely heavily on effective soil moisture management practices.

📌 Agriculture systems with irrigation withdraw 70% of the world’s freshwater and account for 20% of croplands.

📌 Soil health and water quality and availability are interconnected.

📌 Healthy soils, enriched with organic matter, play a crucial role in regulating water retention and availability.

📌 Improved soil and water management enhance the land’s ability to withstand extreme climate events such as droughts, floods, and sand/dust storms.

📌 Healthy soils act as a carbon sink, sequestering carbon from the atmosphere, contributing to both climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts.

Success Lies in Soil Health: Suppressive

Soils obtaining profitable, productive, and sustainable crops depends on soil health. A balanced soil helps plants become more resistant to soil and crop diseases, and crops grow more vigorously, using nutrients more efficiently. 

Worldwide, farmers are beginning to appreciate the benefits of disease-suppressive soils—soils in which an abundance of beneficial microorganisms and a proper balance of organic matter and minerals enhance plant growth and inhibit pathogens’ action.

The Path to Suppressive Soils

To achieve suppressive soils, it is essential to conduct a soil health analysis, including data on soil stability, pathogen incidence, and nutrient availability. Ultimately, the goal is to establish a healthy microbiome in the soil that promotes the optimal environment for developing more sustainable and environmentally friendly crops. This leads to biological control of diseases such as Fusarium sp., Pythium sp., Rhizoctonia sp., and Phytophthora sp. 

At IDEAGRO, we have known for years that there is no time to waste. It is crucial to invest in soil health and revitalize the soil microbiome by inoculating plant roots with beneficial microorganisms, restoring its biological activity. In doing so, we support root system development, enhancing nutrient absorption. This enables crops to better withstand environmental challenges, strengthen their defenses, and experience increased growth and productivity, ultimately benefiting farmers.

¿Cómo se pueden conseguir los suelos supresivos? 

Aunque la búsqueda de un suelo equilibrado implicará diferentes prácticas culturales, el punto de partida siempre debe ser realizar un análisis para evaluar la salud del suelo, incluyendo datos sobre estabilidad del suelo, incidencia de patógenos y disponibilidad de nutrientes

En última instancia, el objetivo es establecer un microbioma saludable que promueva el espacio óptimo para el desarrollo de cultivos más sostenibles y respetuosos con el medio ambiente, donde se logre el control biológico de enfermedades como Fusarium sp., Pythium sp., Rhizoctonia sp. y Phytophthora sp. 

En IDEAGRO lo tenemos claro desde hace años, ¡no hay tiempo que perder!, es fundamental apostar por la salud del suelo y revitalizar el microbioma del suelo inoculando las raíces de las plantas con microorganismos beneficiosos, restaurando así su actividad biológica. 

De esta forma, apoyamos el desarrollo del sistema radicular, mejorando la absorción de nutrientes de tal forma que los cultivos podrán resistir mejor los desafíos ambientales, fortalecer sus defensas y experimentar un mayor crecimiento y productividad lo cual redundará directamente en los agricultores que podrán obtener mayor rentabilidad.

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